The State of Qatar is a sovereign and independent state in the Middle East, occupying a peninsula that juts into the Persian Gulf. Since its complete independence from Britain in the 20th century, Qatar has emerged as one of the world's most important producers of oil and gas. It is an Islamic State whose laws and customs following the Islamic tradition.

Qatar is currently governed by Sheikh Tamim bin Hamad bin Khalifa Al Thani, who became Emir of Qatar on 25 June 2013.He is the fourth son of the previous Emir, Sheikh Hamad bin Khalifa Al Thani.

There are approximately 2 million people living in Qatar. More than half of the population lives in the capital city of Doha. Three-quarters of the Qatari population are Muslim, while the remaining population practices a variety of other religions. The official language is Arabic, though English is commonly spoken. The thriving economy has attracted a large number of expatriates, particularly from neighbouring Arabic states.

Since the mid-1800s, Qatar has grown from a poor British protectorate known for pearling into one of the world's most important oil and gas producing countries. While there is increasing investment in non-energy sectors, oil and gas still account for more than half of the Gross Domestic Product. Due to oil and gas, the country now has one of the highest incomes per capita in the world.

Qatar occupies a peninsula that is approximately 100 kilometres wide and extends 200 kilometres into the Persian Gulf. It also includes several gulf islands. Qatar shares its southern border with Saudi Arabia and a maritime border Bahrain, the United Arab Emirates and Iran. Most of the country is flat plain, covered in sand and gravel. As a result, most development is along the coast.

Qatar has numerous old forts and towers spread out across the country, offering a glimpse of by gone times and the days when the tribes of the land were constantly on alert for invading armies. Some of the dozen or so heritage sites have been partially restored, while others exist as ruins or excavation sites.

Tourists can explore the natural environment of Qatar by taking an exciting desert safari, relaxing at the many beaches and pools or just enjoying their favourite sport, be it bowling alleys, tennis, snookers, billiards, golf courses, water sports or ice skating rinks. There is something for everyone in this wonderful place.

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